Curriculum

The Government recognises the need for regular curricular review to ensure the relevance, flexibility and affordability of school curricula. The Government established the National Curriculum Development Centre (NCDC) in 1980 to facilitate the development of curriculum that responds to the learners’ and the country’s needs. The NCDC works through national subject panels comprising representatives of teachers, teacher-training institutions, the Inspectorates, teacher associations and subject specialists. The National Curriculum Committee (NCC), upon recommendation from the NCDC, advises the Minister of Education and Training on all school curriculum matters. The NCC is a widely representative statutory body including senior government officials, representatives of tertiary institutions, teacher associations and school proprietors. Through these two mechanisms, the curriculum development process has representative of a wide spectrum of stakeholders. 

All curriculum materials intended for use in the schools must be approved by the government on the advice of the NCC. Instructional materials are prescribed or recommended by the Government and provided to schools. At primary level, as part of Free Primary Education, the MOET School Supply Unit (SSU) provides a range of curricular materials including textbooks, science kits and mathematical instruments. The primary curriculum is somewhat overloaded with ten compulsory subjects (Sesotho, English, mathematics, science, social studies, agriculture, home economics, health & physical education, arts (fine art & music) and religious education.) though only five (Sesotho, English, mathematics, science and social studies) are examined in the PSLE. The curriculum in secondary schools is guided by the government policy of diversification that ensures that, in addition to the core subjects such as Sesotho, English, mathematics and science, there is a selection of practical subjects comprising agriculture, basic handicrafts, woodwork, metalwork, technical drawing, home economics and business education. The Government’s aim here is to help to prepare students for the world of work. . Other subjects offered at secondary level include history, geography, development studies and religious education. The liberty that schools have in the selection of additional subjects often leads to overloaded curricular in some schools.